WG 4: UAS operation
As the legislation regarding UAS has not yet been developed nor standardized among different countries, an initial task on this work package will be to asses the legal conditions needed for flying UAS in the participant countries. These conditions will be taken into account when deciding where to perform the flight tests.
UAS are not a mature technology and they are just being introduced in the civil market. For this, a new legislation is needed as they are not considered either civil aircrafts or R/C planes. There are initiatives both in USA (FAA, RTCA) and Europe (EASA, Eurocontrol) to standardize and legislate such systems, a basic step for their expansion in the civil market. We will follow this work which is currently done at European and at national levels.
The legal study will also assess the compliance of our UAS solution with current and future legislation. In particular, out-of-sight operations and autonomous control strategies will have to be considered. Another point is that our UAS operations will take place in low density air traffic areas. This is the best place to improve new procedures and coordination with the Civil Aviation Authorities.
At least, when the UAS will be ready and the mission defined, a safety report will be written and submitted to the civil Aviation Authorities in order to obtain authorizations for our system. Then, we will ask for the creation of the necessary segregated areas like Temporary Regulated Areas in order to perform the demonstrations.
Beyond the legal aspects, one sub-task of this WG will be the identification of particular requirements for UAS operation under specific dangerous or hazardous environments (e.g. extreme temperatures in polar regions; high concentration of smoke, dust and aggressive gases as in the vicinity of forest fires or volcanoes). This will cover technical means as heating or encapsulating electronics as well as loss-flight strategies (e.g. the development of specific low cost solutions with online data-link which are not expected to be recovered).